The consequences of climate change, including socio-ecological challenges, are ubiquitous and increasingly severe. To effectively preserve marine biodiversity and the ecosystem services the oceans provide, practical efforts for climate-sensitive design and management in marine protected areas (MPA) networks are essential.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are suffering from the consequences of climate change, like ocean acidification, because of which traditional MPA management strategies are being challenged. Still, there is a concerning gap between the impacts of climate change on the marine environment and the initiatives addressing these challenges at local and regional levels. However, the impact climate change has on marine ecosystems is increasingly experienced by MPA managers, leading to climate assessment and adaption receiving more attention.
This report of WWF US shares the evaluation of Nationally Determined Commitments (NDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2015 Paris Agreement. These NDCs emphasize the role protected areas and other conserved areas play in the achievement of global mitigation and adaptation targets. By reviewing the 151 currently available NDCs, this report determines how parties intent to use protected areas to contribute to climate challenges.
Millions of holidaying scuba divers are able to become citizen scientists and take vital measurements of ocean temperatures, which are being driven up by climate change.
More than 90% of the heat trapped by global warming goes into oceans, where it drives hurricanes and disrupts fish stocks. Satellites can measure surface temperature when there are no clouds, but getting data from below the surface is much harder and more expensive.
Over 1.3 billion people live on tropical coasts, primarily in developing countries. Many depend on adjacent coastal seas for food, and livelihoods. We show how trends in demography and in several local and global anthropogenic stressors are progressively degrading capacity of coastal waters to sustain these people. Far more effective approaches to environmental management are needed if the loss in provision of ecosystem goods and services is to be stemmed.
Biophysical principles for designing resilient networks of marine protected areas to integrate fisheries, biodiversity and climate change objectives in the Coral Triangle
These guidelines have an integrated approach on designing MPA networks, including the interests of fisheries, biodiversity and climate change. Instead of that the MPA network establishers were not focusing on one single objective and interest, they include sustainable fishery objectives, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience.
This infographic shows two future scenarios of how climate change will influence the Coral Triangle.
With increasing human population, large scale climate changes, and the interaction of multiple stressors, understanding cumulative effects on marine ecosystems is increasingly important. Two major drivers of change in coastal and marine ecosystems are industrial developments with acute impacts on local ecosystems, and global climate change stressors with widespread impacts. We conducted a cumulative effects mapping analysis of the marine waters of British Columbia, Canada, under different scenarios: climate change and planned developments.
The deep sea hosts some of the world's largest, oldest, and most sensitive ecosystems. Climate change and ocean acidification are likely to have severe implications for many deep-sea ecosystems and communities, but what, if anything, can be done to mitigate these threats is poorly understood.