Marine reserves are an effective tool for protecting biodiversity locally, with potential economic benefits including enhancement of local fisheries, increased tourism, and maintenance of ecosystem services. However, fishing communities often fear short-term income losses associated with closures, and thus may oppose marine reserves. Here we review empirical data and develop bioeconomic models to show that the value of marine reserves (enhanced adjacent fishing + tourism) may often exceed the pre-reserve value, and that economic benefits can offset the costs in as little as five years.
Designing Marine Protected area networks to achieve fisheries, biodiversity, and climate change objectives in tropical ecosystems: a practitioner guide
This guide provides an integrated set of biophysical principles to help practitioners design networks of tropical marine protected areas to achieve fisheries sustainability, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience in the face of climate