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ocean governance

From Decline to Recovery: A Rescue Package for the Global Ocean

The high seas provides a critical life support function for EEZs and what happens on the high seas can and does have a significant impact on the ecological health and productivity of EEZs. It is for this reason that the Global Ocean Commission decided to focus its attention on the high seas. The first section of the report aims to highlight the enormous value of the high seas to humanity, and to draw attention to the fundamental mismatch between this value and the inadequate and anachronistic way in which the high seas is currently governed.

Protected Planet Report 2016: Tracking progress towards global targets for protected areas

The Protected Planet Report series, launched in 2012, helps track international progress towards achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 - a target for the global protected area network and for other related targets. One of the key messages of the 2012 Protected Planet Report was that a better understanding and more complete overview of each element of Target 11 would be helpful. The 2016 Protected Planet Report provides just such an overview by summarizing current knowledge and progress towards each element of the overall target.

Governance of Protected Areas: From understanding to action

This volume provides concepts, methods and tools to understand governance and promote improvements in it. Part 1 provides a guide, with examples and explanation, to the four different protected area governance types and to the set of principles of good governance recognised by the IUCN. Part 2 offers practical guidance on assessing, evaluating and improving governance for a given system or site.

Protected Planet Report 2012: Tracking progress towards global targets for protected areas

The Protected Planet Report 2012 reviews progress towards the achievement of the protected area targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Building on the work of the CBD-mandated Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP), the report includes a set of indicators of protected area coverage, representativeness, effectiveness, management and governance. Also available in English and Spanish. 

Protected Planet Report 2012: Tracking progress towards global targets for protected areas (Spanish)

The Protected Planet Report 2012 reviews progress towards the achievement of the protected area targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Building on the work of the CBD-mandated Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP), the report includes a set of indicators of protected area coverage, representativeness, effectiveness, management and governance. Also available in French and Spanish. 

Protected Planet Report 2012: Tracking progress towards global targets for protected areas (French)

The Protected Planet Report 2012 reviews progress towards the achievement of the protected area targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Building on the work of the CBD-mandated Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP), the report includes a set of indicators of protected area coverage, representativeness, effectiveness, management and governance. Also available in French and Spanish. 

Marine Protected Areas in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: The State of Play

This report makes the case for a global framework for the conservation of biodiversity in areas beyond national jursidiction. It also looks at the potential and limitations of regional initiatives within the framework of regional seas conventions such as OSPAR, CCAMLR or the Barcelona Convention or - outside of this framework - the Sargasso Sea Initiative.  

Best practices for improved governance of coral reef marine protected areas

Coral reef marine protected areas (MPA) are widely distributed around the globe for social and ecological reasons. Relatively few of these MPAs are well managed. This review examines the governance of coral reef MPAs and the means to improve coral reef MPA management. It highlights common governance challenges, such as confused goals, conXict, and unrealistic attempts to scale up beyond institutional capacity. Recommendations, based on Weld experience and empirical evidence from around the world, are made for best practices at various stages of MPA implementation.

Marine Protected Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: Some Practical Perspectives for Moving Ahead

Despite strong legal duties and political commitments for marine conservation and ecosystem-based management, biodiversity in the high seas and the Area (jointly referred to as areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is under increasing threat. One important tool for enhancing conservation and multi-sectoral cooperation is the establishment and maintenance of representative networks of marine protected areas (MPAs).

WWF background document on high seas MPAs regional approaches and experience

This background document aims to highlight progress in regional high seas marine protected area establishment (case studies of North East Atlantic, Mediterranean and Southern Ocean) and make experiences available to, and encourage, those committed to the conservation of marine biodiversity within and beyond countries’ waters.