This discussion paper deals with the topic of Large Scale Marine Protected Areas (LSMPAs) through a global analysis. The paper discusses research needs and provides insights in the benefits of LSMPAs for the marine ecosystem and the people depending on it. Recommendations on socio-economic, ecological, governance and other research topics are included in the paper.
Assessing the Effect of Marine Reserves on Household Food Security in Kenyan Coral Reef Fishing Communities
Measuring the success or failure of natural resource management is a key challenge to evaluate the impact of conservation for ecological, economic and social outcomes. Marine reserves are a popular tool for managing coastal ecosystems and resources yet surprisingly few studies have quantified the socialeconomic impacts of marine reserves on food security despite the critical importance of this outcome for fisheries management in developing countries.
This study analyzes perceptions of stakeholder on how the Coral Triangle has benefit from the US CTI Support Program and what tangible outcomes at the regional scale have been cascaded to the local scale. The study also provides important guidelines for future projects in terms of implementation strategy and thematic needs.
This infographic maps the in 2012 created MPA in front of the coast of Mozambique. The infographic shows how different ecosystems and species benefit from this protected area.
This infographic emphasizes the economic benefts of marine protection and the points out to the damage already done to the ocean, in numbers.
This infographic visualizes how MPAs can benefit fisheries through spillover effects. The arguments made are based on scientific researches and supported by two different case studies.
This online article explains the 'language' of Ecosystem Services: "The value of ecosystems and the associated services they provide is receiving growing attention both in the public and decision-making arena. The language of Ecosystem Services essentially translates the complexity of ecological processes and functions into descriptors that define the socio-economic-ecological link.
Infographic on the economic valuation of the Sargasso sea by Pendleton 2015. The infograpghic shows the financial potential of a healthy Sargasso sea and can be used in advocacy towards MPA establishment in the Sargasso Sea.
This study focuses on how the economic value of marine ecosystem services to people and communities is expected to change with the expansion of marine protected areas (MPAs). The report makes a clear case that shows that all possible scenarios for ocean expansion are of economical interest. Costs outweigh benefits varying from 3:1 to 20:1, making a clear economic case for global MPA expansion. This document can be used in advocacy for making the econimic case of MPAs either within as beyond areas with national jurisdiction.
With over 215,000 visitors per year and growing (2014), the tourism industry is the most important source of revenues for the local economy in the Galapagos Islands. Most of the tourism activity in Galapagos takes places within the Marine Reserve, where the unique marine fauna and ecosystems represent the main attraction to both international and national visitors. Without proper management of this industry, however, its expansion may increasingly become a threat to the marine ecosystems.