This info-comic explains in a comprehensible and entertaining way the threats coral reefs face and reviews how marine protected areas (MPAs) can help protecting them, building on scientific evidence and several case studies. The graphic elaborates on reef resilience, coral bleaching and the challenges of coral reef recovery related to MPA initiatives.
The consequences of climate change, including socio-ecological challenges, are ubiquitous and increasingly severe. To effectively preserve marine biodiversity and the ecosystem services the oceans provide, practical efforts for climate-sensitive design and management in marine protected areas (MPA) networks are essential.
Conflicts caused by different interests of marine conservation initiatives and fisheries are increasing around the globe, and many times a lack of dialogue plays an important role in these conflicts. Therefore, an improved coordination between fishery and marine conservation authorities during marine protected area (MPA) establishment processes is of great importance. This paper proposes that an impartial and broad ecosystem-based marine spatial planning procedure is an suitable tool to improve the coordination between the different stakeholders.
Transboundary conservation is undervalued in the international conservation regime, in particular in the legally complex and interconnected field of marine protection. There is a lack of clear guidelines for transboundary marine protection, causing that transboundary initiatives have developed their own governance systems. Although well-managed transboundary marine protected areas (MPAs) can contribute significantly to marine conservation targets, their designation can cause or further complicate regional conflicts.
Do static and dynamic marine protected areas that restrict pelagic fishing achieve ecological objectives?
Recently, there has been an increase in large-scale marine protected areas (MPAs) with pelagic habitats that contribute significantly managing threats to pelagic ecosystems, as well as to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. This study assessed evidence for achieving ecological targets by dynamic and static spatial management of pelagic fisheries; very few other studies have analysed the ecological effects of MPAs that limit pelagic fisheries.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are suffering from the consequences of climate change, like ocean acidification, because of which traditional MPA management strategies are being challenged. Still, there is a concerning gap between the impacts of climate change on the marine environment and the initiatives addressing these challenges at local and regional levels. However, the impact climate change has on marine ecosystems is increasingly experienced by MPA managers, leading to climate assessment and adaption receiving more attention.
This literature study analyses studies into marine protected areas (MPAs) and human well-being, finding that explicit researches on this topic are limited. The majority of the reviewed MPA studies focus on only part of the aspects of human well-being in a stakeholder context, while focussing on a single MPA type and conventional measures that are not comprehensive of systematic.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are gaining popularity to conserve marine biodiversity and to ensure a sustainable use of marine resources. This study elaborates on how to evaluate the economic benefits and costs of MPAs while providing examples and reviewing different economic methods. Key challenges, such as comparing non-market and markets benefits and quantifying the value of non-protected areas versus MPAs, are identified.
Marine ecosystem services are increasingly threatened by human activities, but at the same time contribute significantly to the well-being of humans. Even though the expansion of marine protected areas (MPAs) is perceived as a potential solution to the degradation of marine ecosystems, there is little known about the economic feasibility. This study conducts a cost and benefit economic assessment for six global MPA expansion scenarios, and includes an analysis conducted at a high spatial resolution.